Hot Tags:
Shaanxi attractions guide Examination: Zhongshan Grottoes
Zhongshan Grottoes is a national key cultural relics protection units, located in Shaanxi Province, 15 km west of Zichang County at the southern foot of Zhongshan, also known as poke rock, Puji Temple, large Puji Temple, Stone Temple Temple. Jin Tai was established in period (AD 366-370), after the Tang, Song, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing built over a thousand years from digging, according to historical records, a total of eighteen caves, is only five caves to explore, both the national level cultural relics. The whole hillside caves, ride north to south. Theater breeze moon east, the south extension of the water show, Western Vision stability Old City, the Silk Road in China must pass through the North Line Road. Caves experience on behalf of the repairs to the early Yuan Dynasty, there are 11 caves and numerous size tower, temple, an area of 360 Shang, monks 500. Jia monk presided over the north state jurisdiction (now JIAXIAN), Li Shan South Commission (now Lintong). Grand, imposing, a radius of hundreds of religious and cultural life of the people in the Holy Land. According to the Qing dynasty, "stability County Stone Temple Temple rebuilt monument records", where the original nave, ten Dian Ming Dian, King Hall; also poke buildings, bell tower, the three official buildings, and Chanshi Guanyinge abbot. Richly ornamented, very spectacular, but unfortunately destroyed Bingxian, in addition to the main hall caves, the best left in ruins. A typical layout for the vertical axis of Buddhist temples, dug grottoes are five to the best preserved in the cave, cave in size more than Buddha statue. Rock poke it said, was built in Song Ping rule four years (1067), inside magnificent, colorful, million sculpture, mix, lifelike. Buddha patchwork relief, work fine. Chinese and foreign scholars believe that its historical value, artistic value is not in the Yungang Grottoes, the Longmen Grottoes, Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes under. Experts concluded that: "China's earliest caves," "rare caves around the world," "second Dunhuang", a high historical, scientific and artistic value. Lord of Ten Thousand Buddhas Cave Rock rectangular area of 225m 2, flat-top gossip Lotus caisson, the middle of a cave 11 meters long, 5.3 meters wide, 1.4 meters high stone altar, the altar base has 3 groups of 14 respect the large body of stone, the main Buddha Sakyamuni Buddha III, respectively, in the past life, and now the World Bank and the future. 3.54 m high Buddha image, carved in situ and, closely connected with the altar as a whole, before the altar by lion white elephant by Manjusri and Samantabhadra. Results sit cross-legged Buddha-shaped waist down Block of Yang Lian Xu Mizuo, the image is very solemn. Sakyamuni Buddha disciple Kasyapa left and right, respectively, and the small stand disciple Ananda, all pedal rosette, 2.5 m-high, realistic and vivid image. Eastern and western ends of the altar of paternity established a co-Buddha, the altar of a total of eight around the two rows of ground with the top of the square columns, 1 meter square, 5 meters high, the Department made the roof cave rock when the left support. Stone walls and around the caves are lined with close without gaps in several layers of relief, such relief are mainly Buddhist stories. To the Ming Dynasty, and the outer wall of the main cave, carved out of Taoism Lao Tzu and the statues of Kwan Tai. Prevalence of the Qing Dynasty Confucianism, Confucius statue in turn make carved on it, called the three religions in the history of saints, the history of Buddhism in China, Taoism, Confucianism, the product of three religions, so that this precious art treasures richer complete . As above the main altar of three of the drilled caisson has re-shaped bucket, painted Tang grass pattern. Cave sculptures, all makeup color, especially in the main group as the most refined, are illuminated painted blue and gold, to retain the Millennium and enduring, it is said never. Zhongshan Grottoes within the scope of protection, but also the distribution of many ancient buildings, such as the Song of the gate, the Church, Temple Xiao Ming Palace, Temple, Theater breeze moon, seven Miyan Shi pagoda, nine Songyan Master Budo tower are well preserved, distinctive styling, a high artistic value. Zhongshan Grottoes Museum Guojiu Cheng said the Sino-Japanese joint project to explore caves have been reported Zhongshan National Heritage Board and is awaiting approval. I believe that with excavations and archaeological, development and protection of in-depth, Zhongshan Grottoes will regain its past glory.
From;  Author: